Initial Observations of Amazon Connect

If you don’t know what Amazon Connect is and you’re in the contact center world, you might want to consider a new career path. Amazon Connect is AWS’s answer to the Ciscos, Genesys, Avayas of the world. Not only that, but also a competitor for Twilio, Microsoft, and anyone who carries voice from point A to point B. Needless to say, when the Amazon giant moves everyone pays attention. A lot of these are just a brain dump so pardon the brevity. I’m still trying to dig a bit deeper and come up with specific ideas to blog specially comparing Amazon’s solutions with Cisco’s offering(s).

Things which are awesome:

– Agent logs are in JSON format, holy crap that’s awesome!
– Hours of operations are available out of the box and are granular to the minute. Ability to add exceptions for the same day is a nice touch.
– If you associate an email with your agent your agent can reset their own password.

Things which are strange:

– Can’t change agent state while reserved or talking.
– If you use a desk phone, you can’t reject the call.  
– Changes take about a minute or two to propagate and there’s no notification if your changes are live or not.      
– If you create a new agent and then login as that agent using the same browser as before your admin session will be moved over to the new agent credentials. Painful when trying to test permissions on agents.     
– You can’t re-route a connector by clicking on the start point, you must first delete the existing line and then create your new connector.

Things which absolutely make no sense:

– Every step should have a Lambda invocation option. This would make the scripting a lot cleaner.
– If you reject a call and you’re the only agent you’re automatically set back to ready. Queue must be drained before last agent can change states out of available.
– No default routing? I disabled the only queue and calls just dropped when I tried to route to that queue. You would think that the system would force some sort of default routing option just in case you make a mistake.  
– Contact flow editor, no easy way to get back to all your contact flows.
– Agent auto accept takes about 12 seconds to trigger using softphone, this would impact agent stats and I really don’t see the point of having this feature if it’s going to take this long to connect an agent.
– When you save or publish a contact flow you get the same message "Contact flow saved successfully!" Different message for publish would be nice.
– No easy way to move the whole script. Work area should have infinite scroll to all sides.
– You can’t select multiple nodes and move them, you must move one by one.
– Flows don’t auto save drafts, if for some reason you don’t remember to save you’re SOL.
– How draft flows and published flows are handled is confusing. Not very user friendly.
– Checking contact attributes doesn’t offer a NULL or NOT NULL condition check.
– When a connector goes behind a flow node, you can’t delete the connector.
– No way to duplicate nodes. You must configure a new node from scratch every time.   


Cisco Spark Webhooks using Node.js

I’ve been trying to come up with a reason to play around with node.js. I’ve also been trying to make some time to play around with the Cisco Spark API. So I figured I would merry the two of them. My intention was to setup a webhook on a channel, then in my node application display the messages being posted in my room. Pretty simple example, but it touches a few different things.

First, you need to setup your webhook to point to your server.

Second, you need to have node installed, in this case I’m using Ubuntu 16.04.

Third, write some code. Check out my comments to follow along.

//will use these for the POST request

var express = require("express");
var myParser = require("body-parser");
var app = express();

//will use this for the GET request

var http = require(‘https’);

app.use(myParser.json());"/", function(request, response){


//console the webhook name as well as the name of the author of the message

//setup your GET request to find out the actual message posted by the author

var options = {
host: ‘’,
path: ‘/v1/messages/’,
headers: {
  ‘User-Agent’: ‘request’,
  ‘Authorization’: ‘Bearer MyAuth’

//make the request

http.request(options, OnResponse).end();

//capture the request response

function OnResponse(response){
var data = ”;
response.on(‘data’, function(chunk){
  data += chunk;

response.on(‘end’, function(){
  data = JSON.parse(data);

//console out the actual text



Microsoft Azure and Laravel 5.1 from Scratch

While most people use AWS, I like to use Azure and there’s just not a lot of information relating Azure and Laravel, so figured this might be useful for others. This assumes a level of comfort with Linux and Azure.

  • Login:
  • Click on Virtual machines (classic) and search for Ubuntu. My preference has always been Ubuntu server 14.04 LTS, select this.
  • Select deployment model: Resource Manager and click Create.
  • Give your VM some basic information: Name, User name, Authentication Type (SSH public key is my preference). Create a new resource group, I always use the same name as the VM and Location. I usually do the A1 Standard size.
  • Click ok to choose the defauls under Settings.
  • Click OK on summary and your VM will start deploying, this will take about 10-15 minutes to complete.
  • Once running, click the VM, Public Ip address/DNS name label, All Settings, Configuration, and give it a DNS name. I do this to not have to deal with IP addresses and use actual names.

At this point, I created a CustomScript Extension using this and and This will install everything you need. The script is below. To run the script through the CLI you need to use this command: azure vm extension set -c "./public_config.json" <yourresourcegroup> <yourvm> CustomScriptForLinux Microsoft.OSTCExtensions 1.4
If you want to run the script manually, just SSH into your VM and go through every step below starting at "sudo apt-get -y".

  • SSH into your machine.
  • Instal composer: curl -sS | php
  • Move composer globally: sudo mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer
  • Install Laravel: sudo composer create-project laravel/laravel /var/www/laravel 5.1.*
    • sudo mkdir laravel/app/storage
    • sudo chown -R www-data.www-data /var/www/laravel
    • sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/laravel
    • sudo chmod -R 777 /var/www/laravel/app/storage
  • Create VirtualHost and use sample below: vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/
  • Enable your site config: sudo a2ensite
  • Reload Apache: sudo service apache2 reload
  • Disable default site: sudo a2dissite 0000-default
  • Reload Apache: sudo service apache2 reload
  • Open VM firewall: sudo iptables -A INPUT -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT
  • Restart VM: sudo shutdown -r now
  • In Azure Portal Network Security Group find "inbound security rules" and add a rule for port 80.
  • Go to your Welcome!

Azure LAMP install script:
# set up a silent install of MySQL

export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive
echo mysql-server-5.6 mysql-server/root_password password $dbpass | debconf-set-selections
echo mysql-server-5.6 mysql-server/root_password_again password $dbpass | debconf-set-selections

# install the LAMP stack
sudo apt-get -y install apache2 mysql-server php5 php5-mysql php5-curl

#install extensions
#installing json extension
sudo apt-get install php5-json
#installing unzip extension
sudo apt-get install unzip
#installing curl extension
sudo apt-get install curl
#installing openssl extension
sudo apt-get install openssl
#installing mcrypt extension
sudo apt-get install php5-mcrypt
#enable mcrypt extension
sudo php5enmod mcrypt
#installing git
sudo apt-get install -y git-core
#enable mod rewrite extension
sudo a2enmod rewrite

# write some PHP
echo \<center\>\<h1\>My Demo App\</h1\>\<br/\>\</center\> > /var/www/html/phpinfo.php
echo \<\?php phpinfo\(\)\; \?\> >> /var/www/html/phpinfo.php

# restart Apache
sudo apachectl restart
<VirtualHost *:80>
        DocumentRoot /var/www/laravel/public

        <Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride None
        <Directory /var/www/laravel>
                AllowOverride All

        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
        LogLevel warn
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

For posterity.

This is case sensative.
public_config.json:{"fileUris":["/scripts/"]’>/scripts/"]’>/scripts/"]’>https://<yourstorage>/scripts/"], "commandToExecute":"sh" }

Find UCCE agents and their assigned attributes and level

Maybe I should have checked CUIC to see if there was something, but I don’t remember something like this available. All I wanted was to see all my agents their attributes and levels.

SELECT [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Agent].EnterpriseName
  FROM [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Agent_Attribute]
JOIN [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Agent] ON [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Agent_Attribute].[SkillTargetID] = [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Agent].[SkillTargetID]
JOIN [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Attribute] ON [lab_awdb].[dbo].[Attribute].AttributeID = lab_awdb.dbo.Agent_Attribute.AttributeID


X-Lite change the caller ID/Display Number

I had not used X-Lite for over a year and decided to load it up and realized that there’s an upgrade and older version of the software are no longer valid. So I upgraded and noticed that my Flowroute settings didn’t migrate correctly. I went to Flowroute got my credentials and moved them over, but noticed that my caller ID was not the caller ID I wanted. After playing around with it a bit I realized that I had to set my User ID to the caller ID I wanted displayed and moved my username/auth to “"Authorization name”. Now it’s working like it used to.



Using git to push and pull repositories.

I’ve been trying to get more proficient with git and figured the only way to do that is to get my hands dirty and write some simple app(s) and push them to a production server. There are my notes, mainly for me to help me remember how this stuff works.

The very first time you do a git init to initialize your repository.

git init

You do this every time you want to add new changes to your reposiotry.

git add .

To see the status of things which are going to be added, removed.

git status

Once you’re happy with what you want to commit, leave your future self a little love note.

git commit –m “Doing something”

You only do this the first time to setup your remote repository destination.

git remote add origin

Then you do this every time you want to push your commit.

git push –u origin master

Now, let’s say I want to pull my repository to a new host e.g. production. If you’re using Laravel make sure you’re setting up your environment name in your vhost file first.

sudo git clone locaton/in/my/server

Laravel specific commands.

chown -R :www-data app/storage

chmod –R 777 app/storage

‘composer install’

php artisan cache:clear

Now, once you’ve cloned your repository you need to updated it every time you want to pull down any new commits.

sudo git pull origin master

composer update

php artisan cache:clear


Finesse Error: The device associated with that extension or dial number is invalid.

This is the first time I’ve used an 8945 phone as an agent phone and while the documentation states it’s supported, I kept getting the above error which made no sense to me as everything looked right. Checked out the jtapi logs and this is what it said:

16:48:24:420 PG1A-jgw1 Trace: MsgAddCallObserver:  Addr: 7778 Remote Addr: 0 InvID: 8380 CallDeliveryMode ID: 0.
16:48:24:420 PG1A-jgw1 Trace: Adding Call Observer to: 7778.
16:48:24:420 PG1A-jgw1 Trace: Address Name: 7778IP Addressing Mode:IP_ADDRESSING_MODE_IPV4.
16:48:24:420 PG1A-jgw1 Trace: AddCallObserver address validation failed – Address Name: 7778, error code: 154.
16:48:24:420 PG1A-jgw1 Trace:   MsgAddCallObserverResponse:  Addr: 7778 Succeeded: 0 InvID: 8380 Cause: 154.

Which then let me to this link. The problem was something I’ve never had to set in the UCM before. Join And Direct Transfer Policy.


Once that was changed the the phone recycled, everything worked. Go figure.


Add Connection Profiles to Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client

I enjoy the new VPN client, it’s small and fast, however I hated that you can’t save profiles in the drop down list like you could in the traditional VPN client.


This has been bothering for a long time and kept finding conflicting information on if this was possible or not. Finally got it to work.


This is for version 3.1x and Windows 7 let me know if this works for your version and OS.

  • Create a preferences.xml file in C:\ProgramData\Cisco\Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client\Profile\
  • Use this format

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<AnyConnectProfile xmlns="">



  • Save the file.
  • Restart the connectivity client.
  • Enjoy


EDIT 01/18/2017: This also works with Cisco AnyConnect 4.x!