Do virtual agents need virtual breaks?

If you’ve been paying attention to the contact center world you would have noticed the rise of virtual agents. The term is a bit broad and confusing to be honest, but here’s my take on it. Virtual agents are just a rebranding of self service with a lot more personality and capabilities. For example, you could always make a payment online, but before the flow was:

  • For account information press 1. “1”
  • Please enter your account number. “1234”
  • To hear your balance press 1. “1”
  • To make a payment press 1. “1”

Now with virtual agents the flow is a lot more flexible:

  • What would you like to do? “I want to a pay my account.”
  • What’s your account number? “1234”
  • Would you like to pay your account in full? “yes”

Now with the rise of virtual agent services you can use speech, TTS, send out an SMS, process a credit card and integrate with a backend all within the same platform and under the same cost. The rise of these agents aligns perfectly with the proliferation of AI services such as DialogFlow, AWS Comprehend, and even MindMeld (RIP) which have removed a lot of the complexity in delving in to AI/Machine Learning. Additionally, the XaaS model where you don’t have to buy the cow, care for it, feed it. All you do is rent it when you want some milk.

The other huge benefit a lot of these virtual agents tout is the ability to be multichannel out of the box. You no longer have to build parallel logic for voice and SMS. You now have a single place for all your logic and can go to Facebook messenger or WhatsApp. While this is partially true, the customer experience across different channels does need to change and the reality is that you should be building semi-parallel logic depending on your channel.

Ultimately, I’ve started dabbling in this space and got my Inference certification. I’m looking forward to getting more and more exposure with this technology and get a deeper understanding how it really augments the contact center world I know and love.



WireShark RTP Player

Troubleshoot RTP issues with WireShark when using Jabber or IP Communicator

This was an interesting one that I wanted to document. We have our agents and supervisors on either VDI Jabber or Windows Jabber or CIPC and we could not get silent monitoring to work. When the supervisor activated it everything looks correct, but there was no audio for the supervisor while the agent and caller had no issues. Supervisor could then barge in to the call and audio would work just fine. Here are the steps we took to troubleshoot this.

  1. Get the IP addresses of the agent and supervisor device. Then get a packet capture of both end points while performing silent monitoring.
  2. Using this filter get all the packets coming from the other device to your computer: ip.addr == {other parties IP}. You should see a good bit of UDP packets. At this point if you don’t see any packets coming from the other endpoint you know that more than likely the network or far end device configuration is at fault as your device didn’t send or receive any RTP.
Wireshark Packet Capture

Wireshark Packet Capture

3. Click click on any of the packets Decode As… Set Current to RTP.

WireShark Decode Packets

WireShark Decode Packets

4. All your previous UDP packets should now be RTP packets.

WireShark Decoded Packets as RTP

WireShark Decoded Packets as RTP

5. Go to Telephony > RTP Streams and Analyze the stream that is detected. You will then be able to Play Streams to confirm you get the expected audio.

WireShark RTP Stream Analysis

WireShark RTP Stream Analysis

6. Confirm audio stream is correct.

WireShark RTP Player

WireShark RTP Player

At this point we’ve confirmed our device is getting RTP, but our soft phone isn’t playing it. So a likely culprit could be the Windows firewall. Using your favorite text editor go to c:\Windows\System32\LogFiles\Firewall and open domainfw.log and publicfw.log. What you want to look for is the IP of the other device and see if you see any drops.

2020-01-01 12:03:48 DROP UDP {RemoteIP} {LocalIP} 17488 24576 200 – – – – – – – RECEIVE

If you look at the port this was received on you’ll notice that it is the RTP range Cisco recommends to have open. So at this point you can disable the firewall, which I don’t recommend, or create a new firewall rule and add UDP ports 16384-32767 as allowed.


Windows ODBC Data Source Success

Windows ODBC Connection to CVP Reporting Database

This one took me a good bit of hours and googling with very little results. I wanted to post this for posterity and for anyone else out there trying to do the same thing. The end goal is to create a Windows ODBC Data Source connection to your Cisco CVP Reporting database.

First, a bit of a recap. Cisco’s CVP Reporting server utilizes IBM’s Informix database. It’s been like that for many years and to be honest it’s both great and terrible. It’s great because you don’t have to pay (directly) for a license to run the database. And horrible because it feels like Informix is just one step above using an sqlite database. Informix is used in Cisco CommunicationsManager (UCM), Contact Center Express (UCCX), Unity Connections (UCxN), and of course CVP Reporting.

On to the main course.

  1. You must obtain a free IBM account and go to this link. You must choose the SDK option and download the Informix Client SDK Developer Edition.
    • If you want to do this with ODBC x64 then download
    • For the x32 version download
  2. Install either download, you can install them both too. They both work independently or side by side. Then reboot your computer.
  3. From there you must go to your CVP Reporting server and find your onconfig file. It should be in c:\db\Informix\etc. Open the file and find the following two lines. Make note of the values you see.
  4. Open ODBC Data Source Administrator on your local machine. Go to System DSN > Add…
  5. Choose IBM Informix ODBC Driver > Finish.
  6. General > Data Source Name > Give it any name
  7. Connection > Server Name > The value of DBSERVERNAME in the onconfig file.
    1. Host Name: IP, FQDN, or hostname of server
    2. Service: 1526
    3. Protocol: The value of NETTYPE in the onconfig file.
    4. Database Name: cvp_data
    5. User Id: Generally cvp_dbuser but you an connect with any valid user.
    6. Password: Your password.
  8. Environment > Client Locale > EN_US.UTF8
    • Database Locale: EN_US.UTF8 If you can’t set this value, hit apply to close the ODBC properties and then set this property.
  9. Go back to the Connection tab and Apply & Test Connection and give it a minute or two and you should see:
Windows ODBC Data Source Success

Windows ODBC Data Source Success

Hope this helps.


Firebase default Hosting webpage

Serverless Development with Firebase Emulator

I’m getting more and more into serverless development. Trying to avoid handling any sort of hardware sounds like a dream come true. No more handling security patching, load balancing, etc. However, one of the biggest things I struggle with is how to do local development efficiently without having to deploy your code to the cloud every time? Google’s serverless offering, Firebase, released a very cool tool this year which allows you to emulate most their services locally. Here are some of my learnings so far. These should be specifically relevant if you’re doing any React development with Firebase.

Setting Up Your Local Development


  • We won’t be using the node.js server, but use node to install components and to develop our React app.
  • Firebase account.
  • Firebase CLI a key way to do that is using the command npm install -g firebase-cli
  • Optional but recommended create-react-app installed npm install -g create-react-app
  • Optional Your favorite IDE. I’m a sucker for VS Code.

Project Setup

Setting up your project. From the Firebase console, Add project:

  1. Choose a name.
  2. Choose your Google Analytics setting, not relevant for this.
  3. Create project.
  4. Add an app to get started and choose Web.
  5. Choose a name, I generally use the same name as the project and set up Firebase Hosting.
  6. Click on Database and create a Cloud Firestore database. Choose to start in test mode. Choose your favorite/closest region.

Local Setup

  • Create a folder where you’ll be doing your development, this will be your root folder. I give this folder a project relevant name.
  • First make sure you login with the below command and use the Google account associated with the Firebase console above.
    • firebase login

  • Initialize your project with the command below. Make sure to choose the following features and be sure to select the Firestone project we created earlier during the project setup. Choose all the other defaults presented and choose the following emulation settings.
    • firebase init

      Firebase init cli

      Choose your Firebase services you’ll be using.

      Choose the Firebase services to emulate

      Firebase cli emulator settings.

Of most importance here is that you take a look at your firebase.json file which has been generated by the initialization. It should look very much like this. Pay close attention to the emulators and hosting sections as these will play an important role later. One thing to watch out for at this point is to ensure the ports you’ve asked the emulator to use are actually open. On the next step we will be able to confirm if they are opened or not, but this is the file you use to change them if you get an error. Here’s what it should look like if you’re following along.

  "firestore": {
    "rules": "firestore.rules",
    "indexes": "firestore.indexes.json"
  "functions": {
    "predeploy": [
      "npm --prefix \"$RESOURCE_DIR\" run lint"
  "hosting": {
    "public": "public",
    "ignore": [
    "rewrites": [
        "source": "**",
        "destination": "/index.html"
  "emulators": {
    "functions": {
      "port": 5001
    "firestore": {
      "port": 8080
    "hosting": {
      "port": 5000
    "ui": {
      "enabled": true
  • Finally it’s time to take a look at what we have so far. We’re going to start the emulator and see what we get with the out of the box setup for a Firebase project. If you get any errors it’s more than likely that you have a port conflict. I have a port conflict and moved Function from 5001 to 5080. If you need to to the same go back to your firebase.json file and find a free port and try again.
    • firebase emulators:start

If everything worked you should see the following.

Firebase emulator running

Firebase emulator running

At this point let’s stop for a second and break down what we have available to us. First, going to http://localhost:5000 will show you Firebase Hosting’s emulation. Next, going to http://localhost:4000 gives you a nice dashboard of all your emulated services and their status. As well as links to the relevant logs and details for those services. Finally, a log window with a very handy search feature to be able to do faster troubleshooting.

Firebase emulator UI

Firebase emulator UI

Firebase emulator log UI

Firebase emulator log UI

If you’ve gotten this far you’ve setup a project through the Firebase console. You’ve setup your local dev environment. You’ve emulated Firebase for local test. Now we’re going to go through a very simple exercise where we’re going to use the most popular services for Firebase and show what you can and can’t emulate.

React Development Part 1

We are going to create a simple React application that allows a user to register, login, and then see the registration details they entered. This exercise will walks us through a few things:

  • Hosting: For the React application
  • Functions: API for registration and login
  • Firestore: Database for user information
  • Authentication: Firebase user management

First there are a few things we need to setup.

  1. In the Firebase console for your project select Authentication and “Setup sign-in method”. You’re going to want to setup Email/Password provider. This will allow users to use those details to authenticate.
  2. In your terminal go to the root of your project and create a new create-react-app (CRA) app. I like to use view as my root React folder, but you can choose whatever you want. You’ll want to end up with the following folder structure.

create-react-app view

Default Firebase and CRA file structure

Default Firebase and CRA file structure

At this point you have a CRA app inside your Firebase, but when you go to your Hosting URL you are still going to see the default Firebase website.

Firebase default Hosting webpage

Firebase default Hosting webpage

Go back to your firebase.json and change your hosting path to view/build and then restart your Firebase emulator and you should now see your CRA app.

"hosting": {
"public": "view/build",
CRA default webpage

CRA default webpage

I will pick up the rest of the exercise on a follow up blog post as this is getting very lengthy.


Tip to search multiple Cisco CVP activity log errors quickly

We’ve been chasing a Nuance issue and as part of the process I’m monitoring the activity logs for certain errors to see if they are related to the issue we’re chasing or something else. I have multiple applications across over a dozen CVP servers and going one by one using Notepad++ is time consuming. Since the Cisco life is a Windows world here’s a quick way to do this and save you a ton of time.

There are tools out there like PowerGREP which do something similar, but my personal choice is to use Sublime Text. From there you go to Find > Find in Files.

  1. In Where add the locations you want to search and separate them by a comma:


2. In Find, make sure to select Regular expression and enter:


3. Click Find and watch all matches appear.

The expression above is looking for two different types of errors. error.noresource and Hotevent_Error_NoResource. It’s looking for this information only for the date of 06/11/2020, to ensure we only get the most recent logs. Finally, since we know this error is always at the end of the line we use the $ to anchor that string at the end of the line.

I hope this helps someone else do their work faster.


Cisco CVP Standalone Lab Installation

For this we’re using VMWare Fusion to install the OS, you should also have the CVP OVA and ISO to make your life easier.

File > Import. Choose OVA

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 7.40.27 AM.png

There are 3 options at this point for the VM configuration:

Cisco Unified CVP Call Server-VXML Server

Guest OS: Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (64-bit)
Memory: 10 GB vRAM
Disk: 1 – 250 GB vHDD
Network: 1 vNIC VmxNet3

Cisco Unified CVP Operations Console

Guest OS: Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (64-bit)
Memory: 4 GB vRAM
Disk: 1 – 80 GB vHDD
Network: 1 vNIC VmxNet3

Cisco Unified CVP Reporting Server

Guest OS: Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (64-bit)
Memory: 6 GB vRAM
Disk: 1 – 80 GB vHDD
Disk: 2 – 438 GB vHDD
Network: 1 vNIC VmxNet3

Since this is a lab, but I still want things to look as close to production as possible I will be using the Reporting Server deployment option.

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 7.45.39 AM.png

  • Install Windows 2012. Ensure you have two drives and make sure the machine is on the network.
  • Install IIS
  • Give it an IP on the network.
  • Disable IPv6
  • Run Windows Update
  • Disable Windows Update to run automatically
  • Mount the CVP ISO, open a command prompt and run CVP\Installer_Windows\setup.exe labonly

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 9.33.09 PM.png

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 9.34.27 PM.png

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 9.57.51 PM.png

Fill out the X.509 Certificate information.

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 10.01.33 PM.png

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 10.01.46 PM.png

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 10.02.01 PM

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 10.05.39 PM.png

Choose your favorite secure password.

Screen Shot 2020-02-09 at 10.19.54 PM.png

Finish and restart.

This is only one half of the equation, you’ll need need the voice piece in order to be able to get CVP to do anything.


Individual Component Installation of Nuance on Windows 2012 R2

I have done more Nuance installs in the last few weeks than I’ve done in my whole life. Recently I had to revisit installing Nuance without using the Nuance Portal and since it had been a few years since I had gotten around to it I figured I would document the process as a few things were murky in my mind. We’re going to be installing:

License Manger 11.7
Nuance Recognizer 10.2.8
Nuance Vocalizer (Enterprise) 6.0.7
Nuance Speech Server 6.2.9

This installation will work with UCCE/CVP 11.6 using VVB which means mrcp2 and the configuration is specific to mrcp2.

License Manager

First start with the License Manager as this components allows everything else to operate. The installation is pretty much a next, next, finish process. You will be asked to do a restart of the server.

The validation process is pretty straight forward. First, ensure that the Windows service was installed. It should not be running, but it should be set as automatic. Next open up the Licensing Tools program you just installed go to Start/Stop/Reread and hit Start Server. This will use a temp license to start up. The temp license is stored in C:\Program Files\Nuance\license_manager\license. Once you start the service confirm you see the Windows service as running. And that the output of Server Status is this:

Flexible License Manager status on Tue 4/7/2020 13:17

[Detecting lmgrd processes…]
License server status: 27000@NUANCEHOST
License file(s) on NUANCEHOST: C:\Program Files\Nuance\license_manager\license\temp.lic:

NUANCEHOST: license server UP (MASTER) v11.7

Vendor daemon status (on NUANCEHOST):

swilmgrd: UP v11.7
Feature usage info:

Users of dummy: (Total of 1 license issued; Total of 0 licenses in use)

Go to Config Services tab to point to your license file. As a matter of practice I keep all licenses files in the same location to make it easy. Either restart the service or re-read the license file to ensure it reflects your entitlement correctly. From this point forward you need to make sure to have a proper license for each component otherwise the validation steps will fail.

Nuance Recognizer

This installer is very much like the licensing tool, which means it’s a next, next, finished process. You will have to perform a restart of the server once it’s done. Additionally, you will need to install the languages you want your recognizer to support. As an example, for en-us, there are two files you will need to install: and

The base installation of en-us is straight forward, but the patch is a bit more involved. First, unzip the patch to a temporary location make sure this temp location doesn’t have any spaces in the name otherwise the installer will fail. Second, open a command prompt as an administrator and cd to the temporary location of the patch. Ensure that “echo %SWISRSDK%” returns where the recognizer is installed for example C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer. Also validate what version of nuance you’re running by running “nuance-version -p”. What you want to pay attention is the following:

Name: Nuance Recognizer
Location: C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\
Nuance Recognizer x86_64 – Package revision 17058

Name: Nuance Recognizer English en-US Language Pack
Location: C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\config\\10.0.2
Nuance Recognizer en-US Language Pack – Rev. 10.0.2-10.2.0-15335

This tells us we have our base install and the language. Now run the install_cumulative_patch.bat and then validate it installed correctly by checking the Nuance version again. You should see this:

Name: Nuance Recognizer
Location: C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\
Nuance Recognizer x86_64 – Package revision 17058

Name: Nuance Recognizer English en-US Language Pack
Location: C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\config\\10.0.2
Base: Nuance Recognizer en-US Language Pack – Rev. 10.0.2-10.2.0-15335
Cumulative Patch 2:
ELANGPACKS-36 Creditcard expiry date grammar – Extend default expiry year to be 25 years from now (parameter maxallowed changed to 300 months)
ELANGPACKS-39 Fixed @reject@, added @exh@ and removed #sil# from @noise
@ entries in system dictionary – all grammars recompiled with updated system dictionary
ENR-124 Added missing transcription ‘zed’ for letter z to system

There are two ways to configure the recognizer service. The first is by editing Baseline.xml and the second it to use a user config which overwrites Baseline.xml. My preferred method is to use a user config file as it’s much easier to manage and it removes the monstrosity that is the Baseline files, but because that’s a whole other ball of wax we’re going to just do the direct edit to Baseline.xml. You must enter the licenses you have available in the value tags below in the following two lines:

<param name=”swirec_license_ports”>
<declaration group=”license” type=”int”

<!– How many osr_swiep licenses will be checked out during SWIepInit() –>
<param name=”swiep_license_ports”>
<declaration group=”license” type=”int”

The final step is ensuring you set the Recognizer to start as a service. Open up a command prompt again and cd to C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\Recognizer Service\amd64\bin. From there you need to decide what parameters you’ll set for the service. The below parameters are the default and should be used unless you know exactly what you’re doing.

C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\Recognizer Service\amd64\bin>nrs-win-service-
init.exe -i nrs-win-service.exe -servlet nrs -port 8200

From there start your service and then it’s time to validate everything worked as expected.

To validate that your recognizer is working as expected Nuance provides a small exe which allows you to test your config. You can find the utility at C:\Program Files\Nuance\Recognizer\samples\swirec_sample\SWIrecSample.exe. Using the command prompt run the utility piping the output to a log file:

SWIrecSample.exe > log.txt

You should see a lot of successful lines in the log file, here’s a small sample:

Function SWIrecInit returned SUCCESS.

Calling SWIepInit.

Calling SWIrecRecognizerCreate.

Function SWIrecRecognizerCreate returned SUCCESS.

Calling SWIrecSessionStart.

Nuance Vocalizer and Languages

Same thing as all the other installers, these are just a next, next, finished. Ensure you install the vocalizer first, restart, then languages and restart. The configuration is pretty straight forward too. As before having a user config is my preferred method however we’re going to stick with the basics and just update baseline.xml. Please note that this baseline.xml is different than the Recognizer Baseline.xml. Here are the two parameters you have to update based on your license entitlement:


One thing to note is that the Vocalizer doesn’t need a Windows service to run, so don’t think you’ve done something wrong if you can’t see it in the services window. The validation process is two parts too. First run the nuance-version -p command and validate your voices are installed and recognized:

Name: Vocalizer for Enterprise en-US Zoe bet4 f8
Location: C:\Program Files (x86)\Nuance\Vocalizer for Enterprise\
Vocalizer for Enterprise
Vocalizer for Enterprise Build ID
Language: en-US
Voice: Zoe
Voice model: bet4
Coder: encrypt
Language version:
Voice version:

Name: Vocalizer for Enterprise
Location: C:\Program Files (x86)\Nuance\Vocalizer for Enterprise\
Vocalizer for Enterprise
Vocalizer for Enterprise Build ID

Next using the command line cd to C:\Program Files (x86)\Nuance\Vocalizer for Enterprise\common\speech\components and run the following command:

nvncmdline.exe -l en-us -n Zoe -s “Hello this is Zoe using text to speech.” -w –
o test.wav

Please note that you have to match the language and voice you have installed in the system. The good thing is that this command’s error outputs will tell you if there’s an issue with either the voice or the language not being detected. If the command runs successfully listen to test.wav to ensure it sounds like you expect it to.

Nuance Speech Server

The most important piece of this is that you install this component last as the installer detects the Recognizer and Vocalizer upon running. If you don’t install it last, then you will have to make some changes to your config to allow the Speech Server to know where to find the other components. The installer just like the others is just a next, next, finish installation. You will have to restart the server upon completion. Additionally, you should install the Nuance Speech Server Client matching your Speech Server which will allow you validate your configuration. Once everything is installed ensure the service is started and set it to an automatic startup type.

Validation is similar to the Vocalizer. Nuance provides a client which is able to test the Speech Server. From the command prompt go to C:\Program Files (x86)\Nuance\Speech Server\Client\script. From there run the following command:

..\bin\client.exe -s localhost -p 5060 demoprompt.mrcp

The output will be in demoPrompt.log and should be a good bit of SIP messaging and SSML. The most likely error you will see is that your service is not started or that you don’t have a valid license. Here’s a sample of the output:

INVITE sip:mresources@localhost:5060 SIP/2.0
Via: SIP/2.0/TCP NUANCEHOST:49474;branch=z9hG4bKf529526265c4fb15
Max-Forwards: 6
To: MediaServer <sip:mresources@localhost:5060>
From: clien_user <sip:clien_user@NUANCEHOST:49474>;tag=b5d67ee5
Contact: <sip:clien_user@NUANCEHOST;transport=TCP>
Call-ID: a385e9e251def062
CSeq: 1467710150 INVITE
Content-Type: application/sdp
Content-Length: 322

<?xml version=”1.0″?>
<speak version=”1.0″ xml:lang=”en-US” xmlns=””>
<s>You have 4 new messages.</s>
<s>The first is from <say-as
interpret-as=”name”>Stephanie Williams</say-as>
and arrived at
<say-as interpret-as=”time”>3:45pm</say-as>.</s>

<s>The subject is <prosody
rate=”fast”>ski trip</prosody></s>

Add your new ASR and TTS server to VVB and you should be good to go.


Using AWS Transcribe to get IVR prompt verbiage

I’m a stickler for documentation and a bigger stickler for good documentation. Documentation allows the work you’ve produced to live on beyond you and help others get up to speed quickly. It feels that documentation is one of those things everyone says they do, but few really follow through. There’s nothing hard about it, but it’s something you need to work on as you’re going through your project. Do not leave documentation to the end, it will show. So DO IT!

I’ve recently started a new project to migrate an IVR over to CVP. To my pleasant surprise the customer had a call flow, prompts, a web service definition document, and test data. A dream come true! As I started the development I noticed that the verbiage in the prompts didn’t match the call flow and considering my “sticklerness” I wanted to update the call flow to ensure it matches 100% with the verbiage.

I’m always looking for excuses to play around with Python, so that’s what I used. I hacked together the script below which does the following:

  • Creates an AWS S3 bucket.
  • Uploads prompts from a specific directory to bucket.
  • Creates a job in AWS Transcribe to transcribe the prompts.
  • Waits for the job to be completed.
  • Creates a CSV names prompts.csv
  • Deletes transcriptions jobs
  • Deletes bucket

The only things you will need to change to match what you’re doing is the following:

local_directory = 'Spanish/'
file_extension = '.wav'
media_format = 'wav'
language_code = 'es-US'

The complete code is found below, be careful with the formatting it might be best to use copy it from this snippet:

<pre>from __future__ import print_function
from botocore.exceptions import ClientError

import boto3
import uuid
import logging
import sys
import os
import time
import json
import urllib.request
import pandas

local_directory = 'French/'
file_extension = '.wav'
media_format = 'wav'
language_code = 'fr-CA'

def create_unique_bucket_name(bucket_prefix):
    # The generated bucket name must be between 3 and 63 chars long
    return ''.join([bucket_prefix, str(uuid.uuid4())])

def create_bucket(bucket_prefix, s3_connection):
    session = boto3.session.Session()
    current_region = session.region_name
    bucket_name = create_unique_bucket_name(bucket_prefix)
    bucket_response = s3_connection.create_bucket(
    # print(bucket_name, current_region)
    return bucket_name, bucket_response

def delete_all_objects(bucket_name):
    res = []
    bucket = s3Resource.Bucket(bucket_name)
    for obj_version in bucket.object_versions.all():
        res.append({'Key': obj_version.object_key,
    # print(res)
    bucket.delete_objects(Delete={'Objects': res})

s3Client = boto3.client('s3')
s3Resource = boto3.resource('s3')
transcribe = boto3.client('transcribe')
data_frame =  pandas.DataFrame()

# Create bucket
bucket_name, first_response = create_bucket(
    bucket_prefix = 'transcription-',
    s3_connection = s3Client)

print("Bucket created %s" % bucket_name)

print("Checking bucket.")
for bucket in s3Resource.buckets.all():
    if == bucket_name:
        print("Bucket ready.")
        good_to_go = True

if not good_to_go:
    print("Error with bucket.")

# enumerate local files recursively
for root, dirs, files in os.walk(local_directory):
    for filename in files:
        if filename.endswith(file_extension):
            # construct the full local path
            local_path = os.path.join(root, filename)
            print("Local path: %s" % local_path)
            # construct the full Dropbox path
            relative_path = os.path.relpath(local_path, local_directory)
            print("File name: %s" % relative_path)
            s3_path = local_path
            print("Searching for %s in bucket %s" % (s3_path, bucket_name))
                s3Client.head_object(Bucket=bucket_name, Key=s3_path)
                print("Path found on bucket. Skipping %s..." % s3_path)
                print("Uploading %s..." % s3_path)
                s3Client.upload_file(local_path, bucket_name, s3_path)
                job_name = relative_path
                job_uri = "" % (
                    bucket_name, s3_path)
                    Media={'MediaFileUri': job_uri},
                while True:
                    status = transcribe.get_transcription_job(TranscriptionJobName=job_name)
                    if status['TranscriptionJob']['TranscriptionJobStatus'] in ['COMPLETED', 'FAILED']:
                    print('Transcription ' + status['TranscriptionJob']['TranscriptionJobStatus'])
                print('Transcription ' + status['TranscriptionJob']['TranscriptionJobStatus'])
                response = urllib.request.urlopen(status['TranscriptionJob']['Transcript']['TranscriptFileUri'])
                data = json.loads(
                text = data['results']['transcripts'][0]['transcript']
                print("%s, %s "%(job_name, text))
                data_frame = data_frame.append({"Prompt Name":job_name, "Verbiage":text}, ignore_index=True)
                print("Deleting transcription job.")
                status = transcribe.delete_transcription_job(TranscriptionJobName=job_name)

#Create csv
print("Writing CSV")
data_frame.to_csv('prompts.csv', index=False)

# Empty bucket
print("Emptying bucket.")

# Delete empty bucket
print("Bucket deleted.")</pre>

I hope this helps someone out there create better documentation.


CVP Studio Features Dialog

Multiple CVP Studio Versions on the Same Machine

If you’re like me and do a fair bit of CVP work, including development, and you like to run the same version of Studio as the version you’re deploying against, then you’ve struggled with the fact that CVP Studio doesn’t play very nice with other versions of CVP Studio. Hopefully this blog helps you get all versions of CVP Studio running in harmony on your Windows machine. This method has worked well when going from CVP 12.x to 11.x to 10.x. As well as going the other way around.

  • Backup your registry.
  • If you have a 12.x version of CVP Studio installed:
    • DELETE:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\{763E1DF9-41BC-4C54-9705-A0C6D1594B26}
  • If you have a 10.x or 11.x version of CVP Studio installed:
    • DELETE: [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\{763E1DF9-41BC-4C54-9705-A0C6D1594B26}]
  • Install the new version of CVP Studio in a different directory. I like to install mine in c:\cisco\CallStudioxxx, where xxx is the version (e.g. 100, 115, etc).
  • Repoint and create new shortcuts for the various versions.

You will have to repoint your shortcuts, but other than that you should be all good.

CVP Studio Features Dialog

CVP 11 and 12 running side by side.


Revisting Saving Host Names in Cisco AnyConnect Client

One of my most popular blog posts is this where I talk about how to set your AnyConnect VPN client to remember the addresses of the various VPN URLs you use. I figured I would be good to revisit it since it’s been 5 years since I last talked about it to ensure things still worked the same way as they did back in 2014.

First, everything still works the same way on Windows 10. You go to C:\ProgramData\Cisco\Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client\Profile create a new xml file. I call mine Profile.xml and use the following format:

<?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
<AnyConnectProfile xmlns=”” xmlns:xsi=”” xsi:schemaLocation=” AnyConnectProfile.xsd”>
Save it and restart your client and it will look like this:
VPN Client With Multiple URLs Saved
There is another method I’ve found and this involves some additional software. First, from you have to install the Profile Editor (Windows), you only need to enable the Cisco AnyConnect Profile Editor. Once installed run the program.
Screen Shot 2020-01-14 at 9.38.43 AM
Go to Server List > Add:
Screen Shot 2020-01-14 at 9.44.24 AM
Go to File > Save As and save the XML file to same location C:\ProgramData\Cisco\Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client\Profile, restart the client and you should be all set.